Volleyball as a means of improving work with students
Volleyball as a means of improving work with students. Health as a category of being is the most important priority in life all over the world (A.V. Vekhov, 2001). If other values of being (education, life, material well-being, etc.) are forced to take care of, then the attitude to health is formed as an element of national culture. Unfortunately, in our country, health is perceived as something given, and in case of violation of health, responsibility for its restoration is usually blamed on others. V. Halikov and G. Halikova (2013) note that the state of health of children and adolescents according to official data continues to deteriorate. The indicator of the total incidence of children aged 15 years in 2015 compared with 2014 increased by 14.3%. An increase in the incidence rate is noted for all classes of diseases. Especially increased indicators of morbidity and illness of children with severe forms of psychological disorders. According to research data over the past decade, the number of schools with a deficit in body weight has increased by one and a half times, the frequency of identified functional disorders and chronic diseases has increased by almost 20%. More than 25% of teenage students have delayed puberty. E. Yamburg (2012) believes that mental stress weakens the child’s body and leads to a whole bunch of diseases. Stress awaits the child at every step: the teacher’s remark about clothes, a call to the board, passing tests, observing the rules of behavior, communicating with peers. There is no outlet, there is no place where you could hide, retire to relax during the school day. By definition of UNESCO, the concept of “health”, in its most general terms, is mental, physical and social well-being. The health of a new rising generation is a particular pain and concern for our society. L.D. Nazarenko (2002) believes that game activity is determined by human nature itself. It provides the need for constant training of the body. The main feature of the gaming activity is the possibility of human development and improvement, as well as the creation of conditions for communication and interaction with people of different ages and interests. The game unites both peers and people of different generations. Another important feature of the game is the variety of motor actions that have a comprehensive impact not only on all muscle groups, organs and physiological systems, but also on moral-volitional qualities. The need to obey the rules of the game has a great impact on the human psyche. Volleyball is one of the widespread games that are popular among people of all ages (L.D. Nazarenko, 2002). This game is universal. The peculiarity of the game of volleyball is associated with the need to maintain the ball in the air and, passing it to each other, provide the most convenient position in which the attacker can perform an effective reception and score a point to opponents. The advantage of volleyball is not the execution of a strike with special force, but the use of a deceptive movement at the most unexpected moment. This makes it possible to dose the load itself, which allows the game to be accessible to people of all ages. At the same time, the motor actions of a volleyball player are quite diverse, including various short runs, races, jumps, and taking the ball near the floor. This requires such specific movements as a fall with a roll to the back, a fall to the side and forward, to the thigh, with a roll to the chest. Thus, mastery of elementary acrobatic exercises is an important part of the physical and psychological preparation of a volleyball player. The leading motor coordination qualities characteristic of this game are agility, mobility, accuracy of movements, flexibility. At the same time, well-trained players have a high level of specific jumping ability. The player needs to jump as high as possible without noticeable preliminary preparation, make an energetic swing with his hand, after which it is logical to wait for a powerful hit on the ball, but the player often directs it with one finger to the other side and gently lands, damping the speed (L.D. Nazarenko, 2002) . The game of volleyball, acting on different types of loads on the leg muscles, forcing acrobatic elements to be included in the game activity, helps to strengthen the spine and trunk muscles, and the diverse ways of receiving, feeding and punching the ball effectively develop the upper shoulder girdle. All this makes volleyball a universal game that comprehensively affects all functions and systems of the body. Volleyball is included in the content of the school curriculum in physical education, which emphasizes not only its great health-improving orientation, but also its important applied value. In the process of systematic volleyball training, the ability to self-control the psychophysiological state develops, since only in a balanced state can one adequately assess the actions of partners and rivals, quickly grasp their essence, and distinguish deceitful movements from true ones (L.D. Nazarenko, 2002).