The effectiveness of volleyball in the physical education of students
In modern society, the full development of school-age children without active physical education is practically unattainable. It was found that the lack of motor activity worsens the health of a growing human body, weakens its defenses, and does not provide full-fledged physical development.
Purpose of the study. Analysis of physical education classes dedicated to volleyball.
Object of study. Physical education lessons, sections, testing, competitions dedicated to volleyball.
Subject of study. Knowledge, skills of students involved in volleyball.
The methodological basis for the work was Laws and other normative acts, programs, works and articles of leading scientists and specialists.Research hypothesis. We can suggest that the health and high skill of students depends on the volume of various training and competitive work in volleyball training.
Scientific novelty. It has been studied that sports activity is a subject activity, and the subject is specific. It is the person who is involved in sports.
Practical significance. Significance volleyball – an effective means of improving health, improving the physical development of students.
At school age, a certain level of physical and mental performance is achieved, which allows you to successfully master the program material of theoretical educational disciplines and physical education training programs.
For the development of mass sports and recreational work among schoolchildren in volleyball, the latter is included in the physical education program at school: in physical education classes, in extracurricular activities.
At a young age, it is necessary to pay attention to the comprehensive development of physical qualities, the emphasis is on the development of coordination abilities, as well as speed of movement. In middle school age, he pays great attention to the education of speed abilities in all forms. At an older age, it is advisable to carry out work on the education of speed-power and proper power qualities, as well as general and anaerobic endurance.
Volleyball is of educational importance: a number of such vital qualities are being improved: will, courage, dexterity, endurance. Ability to navigate, strength and speed, endurance and perseverance, and the age for volleyball is unlimited.
Chapter 1. A review of literary sources
1.1. The history of volleyball
Wilson Morgan, an American from Massachusetts, is recognized as the ancestor of modern volleyball. It was he who in 1895 raised the tennis net to a height of 197cm.
Volleyball has become popular in different countries, especially on the European continent. It was originally an entertainment game. However, gradually began to appear ways of interrupting the ball through the net, hampering the defensive actions of opponents. This led to the identification of the main technical methods: supply, transmission, striker, block.
The tactics of the game also changed. If initially all the tactics came down to a uniform arrangement of players on the court, then the complication of the game made coordinated group and team actions necessary. Volleyball is becoming a collective game.
In our country, volleyball appeared in 1920-1921. in Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and in other cities of the Volga region.
In 1925 Moscow approved the first official rules on volleyball in our country, which soon (in 1926) held competitions. And already in 1928. at the I All-Union Spartakiad in Moscow for the first time, the All-Union Volleyball Championship was played among male and female teams. After that, volleyball everywhere became a mass sport. Hundreds of volleyball players and thousands of fans gathered squares of the Central Park of Culture and Leisure in Moscow.
Our volleyball players held their first international meetings in 1935. with the teams of Afghanistan. In 1947 The International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) was created. In 1964 Volleyball is included in the program of the Olympic Games.
The volleyball federation of our country became part of the FIVB in 1984. Since then, Russia has been a regular participant in all the games.
The popularity of volleyball in the world continued to grow. From year to year, the number of international competitions and tournaments has grown. Since 1965 .. this sequence has been established for years: a volleyball tournament at the Olympic Games, and next year – the World Cup, then the World Championship, then the European Championship, and finally, the Olympic Games again.
Many generations of volleyball players have clearly shown themselves: I. Bugaenkov, P. Voronen, V. Zaitsev, V. Kovalenko, G. Mondzolevsky, S. Nefedov, R. Salikhova, V. Sviridov, N. Smoleev, A. Chudin, who won more than once victories at the European, World and Olympic Games.