BLOCKING IN VOLLEYBALL
A game technique in which the defending team prevents the ball from moving to its side, blocking its course with any part of the body, usually with hands transferred to the opponent’s side within the rules. That is, when blocking, the hands should not interfere with the enemy before his attack or other game action. Only front-line players are allowed to block. They can do it in one touch or in a few. Touching a block does not count as one of three touches.
LIBERO IN VOLLEYBALL
Players who cannot participate in the serve are in the block and serve, so he is on the back line, changing position with players who are advantageous to keep on the front line, for example, with a central blocker.The Libero can be replaced an unlimited number of times and at the same time not inform the judge. The shape of the libero is different from the shape of other players on the team.
The game lasts up to 25 points, the time of the game is not limited, and if the points difference between the opponents has not reached 2, the game will continue until this happens. The winners are those who win three games. In the fifth game (tie-break), the score goes up to 15 points. In each game, the coach can ask for two timeouts of 30 seconds. In the first 4 games, additional technical time-outs of 60 seconds are assigned, when one of the teams scores 8 and 16 points. After four games, as well as when one of the teams reaches 8 points in the fifth game, the teams change sides of the court. The coach has the right to make 6 substitutions in each batch, except for the libero.
VIOLATIONS OF RULES IN VOLLEYBALL
The following are the most common mistakes made by players and the coach.
– The player kicked his foot into the space of the court.
– The player threw and caught the ball.
– After 8 seconds after the referee’s whistle, the ball is passed to the opposing team.
– Touching the antenna with the ball.
– Filed to the referee’s whistle.
At the draw
– More than three touches made.
– Touching the top edge of the grid by a player performing an active game action.
– A player reaches the back line of a three-meter line during an attack.
– Reception error: double touch or ball delay.
– Touching the antenna with the ball on impact.
– Access to the game half of the enemy.
– Violation of the constellation.
– Unsportsmanlike behavior of one of the players or the coach.
– Touching the top of the grid.
At the XXXIV FIVB Congress in Dubai, changes to the rules that took effect since the 2009 season were approved. Now the team’s application in official international meetings is 14 players, 2 of which are libero. Also, the interpretation of errors “touch the net” and “spade” on the opponent’s game half has been changed, the definition of blocking has been clarified, procedural changes have been introduced regarding the functions of the judges and the procedure for substitutions.